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AUB Nature Conservation Center
 
Essential Oils

Plants have been commonly utilized throughout history in the culinary, cosmetic and medicinal fields. It is the essential oil of plants that gives them their characteristic tastes and aromas and therefore their usage value. Plants produce this oil for a variety of survival adaptations including attracting bees for pollination and repelling insects that may feed on them. The essential oil of each plant is unique to its geographical location; no two plants belonging to the same species and found in different areas can have the same essential oil composition. For this very reason members of the center analyzed the essential oils of aromatic plants found in Lebanon, endemic to Lebanon and/or the Mediterranean, for their potential market value. The following list is exclusive to the center.

Citrus aurantium

Bitter Orange

برتقال

   

Dittrichia graveolens

Stinkwort

   

Lavandula officinalis

Lavender

شعنينة

   

Mentha Sp.(I)

Mint

نعناع

   

Mentha Sp.(II)

Mint

نعناع

   

Origanum ehrenbergii

Marjoram, Oregano

زعتر بري‏

   

Origanum Syriacum

Syrian Marjoram

زعتر بري‏

   

Pinus brutia

Turkish pine

صنوبر البروتي

   

Rosmarinus officinalis

Rosemary

إكليل الجبل

 

   

Salvia triloba

Greek Sage

شاي الجبل

   

Thymus

Thyme

زعتر

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