In 1993, Ambassador Lakhdar Brahimi began to work for the United Nations advising on and helping to resolve conflict and post-conflict situations. Mr. Brahimi also chaired an independent panel established by former secretary general of the United Nations Kofi Annan to review United Nations peace operations which in 2000 released the Brahimi Report. As special representative for South Africa, he led the United Nations Observer Mission until the 1994 elections. He was appointed special representative of the UN secretary general for Afghanistan in 1997 and led the UN mission to Afghanistan where he chaired the Bonn Conference in 2001. After completion of the Afghan constitution in 2004, he travelled to Iraq as a special envoy of the secretary general to help form an interim government. Ambassador Brahimi studied in Algeria and Paris and holds degrees in law and political science. He received a Doctorate of Humane Letters from AUB in 2003.