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    EDA

    Governance and Cooperation over Food and SDG 2 in the
    Arab Region ​

    October 2019

    ​​​​​​​​AUB faculty members Martin Keulertz and Rabi Mohtar co-authored the second paper in the Emirates Diplomatic Academy's EDA Insight​: Research & Analysis series, entitled "Governance and Cooperation over Food and SDG 2 in the Arab Region."​​ The paper critically examines the current gaps in addressing SDG 2 in the Arab region by analyzing presently-existing governance frameworks and the state of cooperation in the region. It highlights the strengths and weaknesses of existing governance arrangements, which largely stem from the 1970s – a time when food prices were sky-high on the world​​ market. The paper also provides recommendations on how to leverage the potential of regional governance and cooperation in four key areas: trade, technological innovation and investments, subsidies, and diets. It shows where new public-private partnerships are needed and what role governments like the UAE can play to provide future leadership. In short, the paper suggests that it is time for the Arab world to rethink how it grows, shares, consumes, and trades its food.​


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    IFPRI

    Urban agriculture towards food security of Syrian refugees and vulnerable Lebanese host communities ​

    June 2019

    The journal Development in Practice published a research study conducted by Verena Süß, an international exchange student who studied in spring term ​2017 with the Food Security Program. ​​​ The research outlined lessons learnt from an urban agricultural project in Lebanon that aimed to provide food security for Syrian refugees and vulnerable host communities. The findings from a survey of 41 project participants show the potential to improve the project’s performance in achieving its objectives by revising the project design.


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    IFPRI

    The Societies of the Middle East and North Africa ​

    June 2019

    ​​​​AUB faculty members Rami ​Zura​yk (FAFS – Professor), Tariq Tell (FAS – Assistant Professor), and Rachel Bahn (FAFS – Instructor) contributed a chapter exploring “Social Life, from Rural to Urban” to the recently published volume Societies of the Middle East and North Africa: Structures, Vulnerabilities, and Forces (Routledge, 2019). This volume analyzes the social fabric of the region to uncover the organizing structures, human vulnerabilities, and dynamic forces that shape everyday lives. Linking past to present to future, the volume explores the ongoing developmental trajectories of these societies, including their overall stability and prosperity. Chapters include insightful case studies, illustrative photographs, and visualized data, as well as discussion questions and annotated bibliographies to guide further research. More information on the volume including a full list of chapters and authors is available online.​​


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    IFPRI

    Water and Food Security Strategies in the MENA region

    March 2019

    ​​​​AUB faculty member and chair of the Food Security Program Executive Committee Martin Keulertz published his future note entitled "Water and Food Security Strategies in the MENA Region" to the research publications of Middle East and North Africa Regional Architecture: Mapping Geopolitical Shifts, Regional Order and Domestic Transformations (MENARA).​​


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    IFPRI

    Prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among Lebanese households with children aged 4–18 years: findings from a national cross-sectional study

    February 2019

    AUB-FAFS faculty members Lamis Jomaa, Farah Naja, Samer Kharroubi, and Nahla Hwalla published an article entitled "Prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among Lebanese households with children aged 4–18 years: findings from a national cross-sectional study​​" to the journal Public Health Nutrition in February 2019. The study aimed to measure the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of household FI and to explore the association of household food insecurity with anthropometric measures of children and their mothers.
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    IFPRI

    Perceived impact of community kitchens on the food security of Syrian refugees and kitchen workers in Lebanon: Qualitative evidence in a displacement context

    January 2019

    FAFS faculty member​​​​ Lamis Jomaa co-published an article entitled "Perceived impact of community kitchens on the food security of Syrian refugees and kitchen workers in Lebanon: Qualitative evidence in a displacement context​" to the PLOS ONE​ journal in January 2019. The study aimed to qualitatively explore the impact of CKs on the food security status of community kitchen workers (CWs) and Syrian refugee (SR) families in Lebanon​​​. Findings from this study highlighted that community kitchens (CKs) can be promising programs to improve the food security and livelihoods of participants, while also increasing social cohesion and integration of refugees within host communities in protracted crisis contexts.
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    IFPRI

    Assessment of food trade impacts on water, food, and land security in the MENA region

    January 2019

    ​​​​Rabi Mohtar (FAFSProfessor and Dean) ​​co-authored an article entitled "Assessment of Food trade impacts on water, food, and land security in the MENA region​" that was published in Hydrology and Earth Systems Science Journal (HESS)​. The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of food trade on food security and water–land savings in the MENA region.​ The study revealed that the MENA region focused more on increasing the volume of virtual water imported during the period 2006–2012, yet little attention was paid to the expansion of connections with country exporters based on the VWT network analysis.
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    IFPRI

    ​Food in the Anthropocene:
    ​​EAT–Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems

    January 2019

    ​​​​Rami Zurayk (Professor and Chair, Department of Landscape Design and Ecosystem Management)
    co-authored an article entitled "Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT–Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems" that was published in The Lancet. The article argues that ​feeding a population of 10 billion people by 2050 with a healthy and sustainable diet will be impossible without transforming eating habits, improving food production and reducing food waste. ​​


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    IFPRI
    ​​​

    Realizing Youth Potential in the Mediterranean:
     Unlocking Opportunities, Overcoming Challenges​

    October 2018

    Abed Al Kareem Yehya (Research Assistant of the Food Security Program) ​authored a chapter entitled "Escaping Water Stress in the MENA Region" to the book Realizing Youth Potential in the Mediterranean: Unlocking Opportunities, Overcoming Challenges​ that was published by the Istituto Affari Internazionali​ ​(IAI). The chapter explores the Lebanese context and provides evidence to support the argument for considering investment in novel solutions, such as solar energy farming, which could be a water-friendly alternative to irrigated agriculture and a source of income for rural farmers. Beyond the specific case of Lebanon, this recommendation could be an inspiration for a broader set of MENA states to formulate policies and adopt development practices capable of achieving integrated and comprehensive trade-offs in the areas of energy, water, and food security.


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    IFPRI

    ​Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits

    October 2018

    ​​​​Rami Zurayk (Professor and Chair, Department of Landscape Design and Ecosystem Management)
    co-authored an article entitled "Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits​​" that was published by the journal Nature. The article argues that the fo​od system is a major driver of climate change, changes in land use, depletion of freshwater resources, and pollution of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems through excessive nitrogen and phosphorus inputs.

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    IFPRI

    ​Crisis and Conflict in Agriculture

    September 2018

    Rami Zurayk (Professor and Chair, Department of Landscape Design and Ecosystem Management)​​​, Rachel Bahn (Instructor and Coordinator, Food Security Program)​, and Eckart Woertz​ (CIDOB-Barcelona) edited the book Crisis and Conflict in Agriculture, which was published in September 2018 by the ​Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI)​. AUB faculty members who contributed chapters to the volume include Rami Zurayk, Rachel Bahn, Martin Keulertz (Assistant Professor and Executive Committee Chair, Food Security Program) and Hadi Jaafar (Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture). 

    ​​This book discusses the causes and effects of crisis and conflict within an agricultural and rural context, explores issues such as competition over resources, and looks at how crisis and conflict impact ​developing country agriculture for both the physical and human agricultural landscape.​

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    IFPRI

    ​Food policy dialogue is a critical step to advance food and nutrition security​​

    August 2018

    ​​​​Rachel Bahn (Instructor and Coordinator, Food Security Program), Sibelle El Labban (Executive Assistant for Research Support, FAFS Dean's Office), and Fatma Abdelaziz (IFPRI) published an article entitled "Food policy dialogue is a critical step to advance food and nutrition security​​" to the Arab Food and Nutrition Security Blog. The article ​highlights the Beirut launch event for the 2018 Global Food Policy Report and emphasizes the importance of a robust dialogue to advance food and nutrition security in Lebanon and the MENA region.

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    IFPRI

    Impact of a Pilot School-Based Nutrition Intervention on Dietary Knowledge, Attitudes, Behavior and Nutritional Status of Syrian Refugee Children in the Bekaa, Lebanon​​​

    July 2018

    AUB faculty members Lamis Jomaa and Shadi Ha​madeh contributed to the publication of a manuscript​ entitled "Impact of a Pilot School-Based Nutrition Intervention on Dietary Knowledge, Attitudes, Behavior and Nutritional Status of Syrian Refugee Children in the Bekaa, Lebanon" in the journal Nutrients. The study highlights the  promising impact of a school-based nutrition intervention on the dietary knowledge, attitude, and nutritional status of Syrian refugee children in Lebanon and in alleviating their risk of nutrition insecurity.

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    Food Sceince

    Impacts of shifting to healthier food consumption patterns on environmental sustainability in MENA countries

    July 2018

    ​​​​AUB faculty members Rachel Bahn, Nahla Hwalla, and Sibelle El Labban (Executive Assistant for Research Support, FAFS Dean's Office) published an article entitled "Impacts of shifting to healthier food consumption patterns on environmental sustainability in MENA countries​​" to the journal​​​ Sustainability Science ​​in July 2018. The findings ​demonstrate the beneficial environmental effects of reducing consumption of red meat, and the tradeoffs that would result from a simultaneous increase in consumption of nutritionally recommended food groups including fruits and vegetables​, across MENA countries.

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    Food Sceince

    Food Policy in Lebanon

    June 2018

    ​​​​AUB faculty member Rachel Bahn and co-authors Reem Nisr (graduate student, Food Security Program) and Sibelle El Labban (Executive Assistant for Researc​h Support, FAFS Dean's Office) published an article entitled "Food Policy in Lebanon" to the Elsevier Reference Module in Food Science in June 2018. The article presents the major components of contemporary Lebanese food policy, organized according to three dimensions of food security: availability, access, and utilization.​

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    The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy

    The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy

    March 2018

    ​​​​AUB faculty members Martin Keulertz and Rabi Mohtar and their co-authors contributed a book chapter entitled "The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Arid Regions: The Politics of Problemsheds" to The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy, published in March 2018. In addition, Martin Keulertz and Tony Allan co-authored a chapter entitled "What Is Food-Water and Why Do We Not Account for It?"

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    Demographic and Material Factors in the MENA Region

    Demographic and Material Factors in the MENA Region

    November 2017

    ​​​​AUB faculty member Martin Keulertz and Eckart Woertz of CIDOB contributed a paper entitled "Demographic and Material Factors in the MENA Region'' to the research publication of Middle East and North Africa Regional Architecture: Mapping Geopolitical Shifts, Regional Order and Domestic Transformations (MENARA).​​

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    Environmental Factors in the MENA Region: A SWOT Analysis

    Environmental Factors in the MENA Region: A SWOT Analysis​

    ​​November 2017

    AUB faculty member Martin Keulertz also contributed ​a paper entitled "Environmental Factors in the MENA Region: A SWOT Analysis'' to the research publication of Middle Ea​st and North Africa Regional Architecture: Mapping Geopolitical Shifts, Regional Order and Domestic Transformations (MENARA).​​​​​

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    Analysis of Food Retail Patterns in Urban, Peri-Urban and Rural Settings: A Case Study from Lebanon

    Analysis of Food Retail Patterns in Urban, Peri-Urban and Rural Settings: A Case Study from Lebanon

    August 2017

    The journal Applied Geography published research conducted by AUB faculty members Rachel Bahn and Gumataw Kifle Abebe in August 2017. The findings of this paper are relevant for international, regional, and domestic food retailers to understand food retail patterns in Lebanon, for development planners to tailor specific interventions in areas where food establishments are least developed, and for researchers to investigate the im​​pact of such patterns on nutritional transformations among the Lebanese urban, peri-urban and rural populations.​​​​​

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    Household food insecurity is associated with a higher burden of obesity and risk of dietary inadequacies among mothers in Beirut, Lebanon

    Household food insecurity is associated with a higher burden of obesity and risk of dietary inadequacies among mothers in Beirut​

    June 2017

    AUB faculty members Nahla Hwalla, Lamis Jomaa, and Farah Naja contributed to the publication of a manuscript entitled: “Household food insecurity is associated with a higher burden of obesity and risk of dietary inadequacies among mothers in Beirut, Lebanon” in the BMC Public Health Journal. This study aimed to measure socioeconomic correlates of Household food insecurity and explores its association with dietary intake and odds of obesity among mothers in Lebanon, a middle-income country undergoing nutrition transition.​​​​​

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