ENGL 107 Language and Culture 3.0; 3 cr.A study of language in the context of ethnology. Emphasis is on the effect of social variables on language use and on the role of paralanguage (e.g., Kinesics and Proxemics) in communication. Annually.ENGL 108 Beginning Translation 3.0; 3 cr.An introduction to theories of translation that helps students develop their skills in translation by having them translate texts representing various written and spoken genres from English to Arabic and vice versa. Typical problems involved in such translation are highlighted and discussed. Annually.ENGL 227 Introduction to Language 3.0; 3 cr.A survey of current areas in theoretical and applied linguistics including the different levels of structure, the nature of language acquisition, language variation and evolution, and language teaching. Annually.ENGL 228 Phonetics 3.0; 3 cr.A study of the articulatory, auditory, and acoustic description of the sounds of the English language. This course also includes descriptions of the sounds of other languages, chiefly colloquial Arabic of the Eastern variety. The practical component of this course involves practice in transcription and production of sounds in most languages. Annually.ENGL 229 History of the English Language 3.0; 3 cr.An introductory survey of the history of the English language from its earliest Indo-European origins to the present day. The nature and changes of the language are presented by reviewing the shifts that have occurred from Indo-European, Germanic, Old English, Middle English, up to Early Modern English. Annually.ENGL 230 Language in Society 3.0; 3 cr.An examination of language variations in English as they relate to geographic and social factors. This course covers such topics as dialect, accent, Standard English, lingua franca, pidgin, Creole, and jargon. Additionally, the course analyzes social discourse, socio-linguistic theories, diversity and uniformity, multilingualism, speech communities, and language planning. Annually.ENGL 231 Modern English Grammar 3.0; 3 cr.A study of grammar through exploration and analysis. A more detailed study of word and phrase formation, pragmatics, and critical analysis of descriptive uses of grammar are covered. Annually.ENGL 232 Psycholinguistics 3.0; 3 cr.An introduction to the fields of first and second language acquisition, highlighting such issues as stages of acquisition, order of acquisition, and theories of language learning. The practicum part of this course involves collecting and analyzing data from learners. Topics covered include formal cognitive mechanisms relevant to knowledge and use of language, with an emphasis on modular view of the mind and its consequences for L1 and L2 language acquisition. Annually.ENGL 233 Introduction to Translation 3.0; 3 cr.A course that familiarizes the student with basic translation theories and offers hands-on opportunities to practice the development of basic translation skills. This course covers topics such as comparative and contrastive linguistics between Arabic and English, computerized translating machines, semiotics, registers, culture, rhetoric, and pragmatics. Annually.ENGL 234 Gender and Language 3.0; 3 cr.A course that explores sexism in language. This course also examines gender-based language differences in relation to status, age, historical context, and attitudes. Annually.ENGL 235 Politics of Language 3.0; 3 cr.An analysis of the forces that govern and shape language. Topics covered include the determinants of language use such as communicative context, power dynamics, social correctness, taboos, gender biases, and censorship. Annually.ENGL 238 Advanced Academic Writing 3.0; 3 cr.A course in which fluency and productivity in the forms and modes of academic writing will be developed through selected readings and writing exercises. Students are taught to develop their style and proficiency in major academic writing genres. Annually.ENGL 245 Journalistic Writing 3.0; 3 cr.A course that exposes the student to the diverse styles of journalistic writings. Hands-on exercises in reporting, writing editorials, and conducting investigative research are components of the course. Lectures by journalists are typically integrated into the program. Annually.ENGL 246 Applied Linguistics 3.0; 3 cr.This course deals with the implications of the findings of theoretical and empirical research of language in all its aspects (language structure, language acquisition, and language variation and use) for the language learner and language teacher. Annually.ENGL 247 Discourse Analysis 3.0; 3 cr.A course that examines human discourse as a means of achieving better understanding of what language is and how it works. This course emphasizes the inter-relation between language forms and language functions culminating in the study of speech acts and the ethnography of speaking. Topics covered include registers, cultural aspects, gender referencing, and pragmatics. Annually.ENGL 248 Special Topics in English Language 3.0; 3 cr.This course changes in content from year to year and focuses on varied topics in English language. May be repeated for credit. Annually.ENGL 291 Tutorial 3 cr.Reading and discussion of selected topics in linguistics.ENGL 293 Seminar for English Majors in Language 3.0; 3 cr.Topics vary depending on the instructor. Prerequisite: senior standing. Annually.ENGL 294 Advanced English Grammar 3.0; 3 cr.A course that aims to provide a linguistic perspective that can penetrate the surface differences of the major English grammars and reveal their most basic features: traditional, descriptive, and transformational grammars are examined. Annually.