American Univesity of Beirut

Nursing Ethics

​​Nursing is an art: and if it is to be made an art, it requires an exclusive devotion as hard a preparation, as any painter's or sculptor's work; for what is the having to do with dead canvas or dead marble, compared with having to do with the living body, the temple of God's spirit? It is one of the Fine Arts: I had almost said, the finest of Fine Arts.

Florence Nightingale

Why Nursing Ethics?
The importance of nurses as members of the healthcare team cannot be overestimated. In addition to having a vital role in the end (telos) of medicine, they are the patient’s advocates. Being an essential member of the healthcare team, nurses have their own ethics. Yet, nursing ethics is not much different than, and indeed as important as, medical ethics. It also shares many of its main principles. Nurses practice ethics and use it day by day as they find themselves relating to physicians, patients, families, and other professionals. Like William Osler once said, "The trained nurse has become one of the great blessings of humanity, taking a place beside the physician and the priest."


General Ethics Links
Nursing Ethics Canada: 
Nursing Ethics in the News:
Nursing Ethics Network: 
All Nursing community for nurses: 
Lippincott’s Nursing Center: 
Nursing Avenue: 
International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care: 

International Associations
Canadian Nurses Association: 
American nurses association:
The International Center for Nursing Ethics: 
Australian Government: Quality of Working Life for Nurses:

Selected Bibliographies
  • Ethics and Issues in Contemporary Nursing, 1st CANADIAN Edn., by Burkhardt, Nathaniel & Walton (2009)
  • Toward a Moral Horizon: Nursing Ethics for Leadership & Practice, by Storch, Rodney & Starzomski, eds. (2004
  • Concepts and Cases in Nursing Ethics, (2nd Edn), by Michael Yeo, Anne Moorhouse (1996)
  • Caring: Nurses, Women, and Ethics, by Helga Kuhse (1997)Ethical Dilemmas in Contemporary Nursing Practice, by
  • Gladys B. White (1992)Ethics and Issues in Contemporary Nursing, by Margaret A. Burkhardt, Alvita Nathaniel, 3rd edn. (2007)
  • Ethics in Nursing, by Martin Benjamin and Joy Curtis (1991)
  • Expertise in Nursing Practice: Caring, Clinical Judgement and Ethics, by Patricia E. Benner (1996)
  • Everyday Ethics: Resolving Dilemmas in Nursing Home Life, by Rosalie A. Kane and Arthur L. Caplan (1989)
  • Ethical Decision Making in Nursing and Healthcare: The Symphonological Approach, by Gladys L. Husted and James H. Husted (2001)
  • Selected Bibliography


Codes of Ethics
Lebanese Code of Ethics for Nurses: Order of Nurses in Lebanon: 
Rights and Duties of Nurses: Order of Nurses in Lebanon:
International Code of Ethics for Nurses: 
American Nurses Association Code of Nurses: 
Nursing and Midwifery Council, UK: 
An Ethical Code for Nursing: Canada:
Nurses Code of Ethics: Belgium
Hong Kong Code of Ethics for Nurses
Singapore Nursing Board Code of ethics:
UAE: Ministry of Health: Nursing Code of Ethics:

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