In the past few months, Lebanon’s environmental scene witnessed a change in tides. A series of actions pursued by the Litani River Authority (LRA) have built momentum, producing an unexpected change in Lebanon’s lingering water pollution crisis. To protect the Litani from widespread pollution, the LRA initiated legal actions which lead to the prosecution of different stakeholders for polluting this river. The undertaken measures have instigated a tense atmosphere among stakeholders. This policy brief examines these events and addresses broader issues pertaining to water management and conflict.