Mapping Education Policies for Syrian Refugees in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey
The Syrian refugee crisis has become one of the most challenging contemporary global humanitarian crises. Not only has the three-year conflict resulted in the tremendous loss of lives and livelihoods for Syrians, it has also led to the creation of a generation of lost and traumatized refugee children in dire need of education throughout their prolonged displacement. Around 3.1 million children and youth inside Syria and in neighboring countries are in need of education. Education has become one of the largest issues impacting Syrian refugee in Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan. Furthermore, it has emerged as a priority for a number of international organizations and local NGOs. However, host countries remain central to the policies and practices that govern access and retention of these children in the education system across all levels. This study will map the policies and practices that influence the access of Syrian refugees to primary education in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey. It will also present the varied modes of education available for these students in each of the host countries listed, and investigate the intersection (if any) between the roles of each of the NGOs, INGOs, and local government stakeholders in mitigating the emergent crisis of education. Study findings will provide a better understanding of the policy context of the education of Syrian refugees in each of the host countries, providing policy makers with a comparative lens to look at the current status and possible policy recommendations for a possible response.
Youth voices: Exploring priorities among host communities and adolescent refugees in Lebanon and Egypt through participatory action research (PAR)
The AUB Policy Institute and the Save the Children International have recently embarked on a joint project, titled “Youth voices: Exploring priorities among host communities and adolescent refugees in Lebanon and Egypt through participatory action research (PAR)”. The aim of this project is to identify the barriers to positive development faced by adolescent refugees, as well as by adolescents from host communities in Lebanon and in Egypt. The project also aims to identify possible solutions to these barriers, as suggested by the youth themselves. To this end, the project will employ a participatory action research (PAR) approach, a form of research built on the assumption that those affected by an issue are in the best position to research it. In PAR, research partners from target communities work in close collaboration with a professional research team to choose the issues they want to research, the tools they want to use to explore these issues, and how they want to disseminate their findings. Research partners become empowered as a result of the PAR process, because it allows them to reflect on issues they face within their community. The research partners choose how they believe their research findings can be translated into community interventions that are meant to benefit their community. In Lebanon and in Egypt, outcomes of the youth’s research will inform interventions that address their needs. Findings will also provide an evidence-base for future work with adolescents and youth facing humanitarian crises, which is a priority for Save the Children in the region.
National Youth Policy: Lebanon as a Case Study
The AUB Policy Institute and the National Youth Forum in Lebanon have partnered on a study of the national youth policy in Lebanon, which is an essential instrument guiding and institutionalizing a country’s commitment to youth development. The elaboration and implementation of such policies in the MENA region have been weak and slow; Lebanon is no exception. The Lebanese Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) MASAR has been one of the main local actors in leading and facilitating the national youth forum which includes youth NGOs and youth wings from various political parties. This study, aims at providing in-depth understanding of the decision-making process entailed by the national youth policy in Lebanon. It aims to evaluate achievements of the policy initiative, constraints in formulation and prospects for implementation. It further addresses the role of youth in the policy-making process. It specifically examines the policy-making process, the role of CSO’s in the process, the objective of generating insights about how policies are made, what influences policy-making and the use of evidence in this process.
In this study, the AUB Policy Institute looked closely at the policy-making process in Lebanon by examining the draft law on quality assurance in higher education as a case study. Understanding the dynamics of developing policies is critical for improving the higher education sector particularly in highly politicized contexts like Lebanon. The analysis of the policy development of the draft quality assurance law aims at generating in-depth insights on the public policy-making process, identifying factors that influence policy-making and other contextual elements that impact the progress of the policy. The study employed a qualitative descriptive research design that drew on semi structured interviews, and media and document analysis. Thematic analysis was conducted based on the Walt and Gilson Policy Triangle Framework and the Multiple Streams Theory. Findings highlighted the complex nature and unstructured approach to policy-making in Lebanon. This study identified the barriers that hindered the progress of the draft quality assurance law. It also shed the light on the importance of wide engagement of stakeholders. Findings were interpreted within the context of the Lebanese political environment.