American Univesity of Beirut

Hermon Maple

​​​​Acer monspessulanum ssp. microphyllum, قيقب حرمون​

Altitude: 800-1800 m
Month of Collection: October

Delivery of Orders:

  • Small trees for reforestation: $4/tree (Oct – Dec)
  • Medium-sized trees for landscaping: $15/tree (any time)
    • For more information about the tree, (Click here).
​Maples include diverse species that vary in size and form; some grow as single-trunked trees and others as multi-stemmed shrubs. In autumn, they display brilliant red or yellow foliage before shedding their leaves for the winter. The word for Maple in Arabic, Qayqab, also means saddle, suggesting that saddles were once made out of maple wood from native trees. Despite their diversity, maples are relatively easy to identify by their fruits and leaves. Their fruits, called samaras, have insect-like pairs of wings. When strong winds blow or the tree is shaken, the mature samaras detach from the tree, and their wings twirl like the rotors of a helicopter as the seeds drift to the ground. 
Three species of Maple grow in the eastern Mediterranean: Hermon, Syrian, and Taurus.​

The Hermon Maple grows in arid places such as Aynata, Yammouneh, and Faqra in Mount Lebanon, and Aarsal, and the relatively wetter Deir El-Aachayer and Mount Hermon in Anti-Lebanon. It is a medium-sized tree that can grow up to 10 meters high. The canopy consists of three-lobed, leathery leaves that are glossy and dark green, roughly 3 centimeters long and 3 centimeters wide. The tree bears such a large number of winged seeds that they can appear at times to exceed the number of leaves. In autumn, the winged fruits turn bright red well before the foliage changes to yellow or pinkish red. The Hermon Maple is drought- and heat-tolerant.

  • This text is an exerpt from the book Trees of Lebanon©, which includes additional information on how to grow and care for the described tree.

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